Author Affiliations
1 Department of Physics, University of Trento, 38122 Trento, Italy
2 Department of Mathematics and TIFPA, University of Trento, 38122 Trento, Italy
3 Department of Physics, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
4 Centre for Sensors and Devices, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, 38123 Povo, Italy
Single-photon entanglement is a peculiar type of entanglement in which two or more degrees of freedom of a single photon are correlated quantum-mechanically. Here, we demonstrate a photonic integrated chip able to generate and manipulate single-photon path-entangled states, using a commercial red LED as light source. A Bell test, in the Clauser, Horne, Shimony, and Holt (CHSH) form, is performed to confirm the presence of entanglement, resulting in a maximum value of the CHSH correlation parameter equal to 2.605±0.004. This allows us to use it as an integrated semi-device independent quantum random number generator able to produce certified random numbers. The certification scheme is based on a Bell’s inequality violation and on a partial characterization of the experimental setup, without the need of introducing any further assumptions either on the input state or on the particular form of the measurement observables. In the end a min-entropy of 33% is demonstrated.
Photonics Research
2023, 11(9): 1484

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