Tao Xun 1,2,*Xinyue Niu 1Langning Wang 1,2,**Bin Zhang 1,2[ ... ]Jiande Zhang 1,2
Author Affiliations
Abstract
1 College of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
2 Nanhu Laser Laboratory, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
Radio frequency/microwave-directed energy sources using wide bandgap SiC photoconductive semiconductors have attracted much attention due to their unique advantages of high-power output and multi-parameter adjustable ability. Over the past several years, benefitting from the sustainable innovations in laser technology and the significant progress in materials technology, megawatt-class output power electrical pulses with a flexible frequency in the P and L microwave wavebands have been achieved by photoconductive semiconductor devices. Here, we mainly summarize and review the recent progress of the high-power photonic microwave generation based on the SiC photoconductive semiconductor devices in the linear modulation mode, including the mechanism, system architecture, critical technology, and experimental demonstration of the proposed high-power photonic microwave sources. The outlooks and challenges for the future of multi-channel power synthesis development of higher power photonic microwave using wide bandgap photoconductors are also discussed.
high-power photonic microwave wide bandgap photoconductive semiconductor devices linear modulation multi-parameter adjustable microwave generation multi-channel power synthesis 
Chinese Optics Letters
2024, 22(1): 012501
李嵩 1,2杨汉武 1,2樊玉伟 1张自成 1,2[ ... ]钱宝良 1
作者单位
摘要
1 国防科技大学 前沿交叉学科学院,高功率微波技术研究所,长沙 410072
2 脉冲功率激光技术国家重点实验室,长沙 410072
通过理论计算、数值仿真和实验验证的方法,研究了一台峰值功率数十GW、重复频率5 Hz的重复频率高功率脉冲驱动源,命名为“HEART-50”。该脉冲驱动源由充电电源、初级开关、脉冲形成线、主开关、阻抗变换线,以及假负载构成。首先介绍了HEART-50重复频率高功率脉冲驱动源整体设计思路;其次,对基于混合液体介质的高功率脉冲形成线和气体介质主开关进行了数值分析,并对其全电路工作能力进行了仿真分析;最后,对研制的HEART-50重复频率高功率脉冲驱动源进行了实验验证。结果表明,脉冲驱动源能够输出峰值电压520 kV,脉冲宽度约90 ns,脉冲上升沿小于25 ns,重复频率5 Hz的准方波电脉冲,峰值电功率约为25.3 GW,且具有较好的运行稳定性。
脉冲功率技术 高功率 重复频率 HEART-50 pulsed power technology high power repetitive rate HEART-50 
强激光与粒子束
2022, 34(9): 095014
作者单位
摘要
国防科技大学 前沿交叉学科学院, 长沙 410073
介绍了一种微秒长脉冲有磁场的真空二极管界面的设计和实验结果。采取了三种措施来抑制沿面闪络:一是阴极电子束挡板,用来拦截来自阴极和电子束漂移管的回流电子束;二是接地屏蔽板,使电场等势线和界面成约45°角,使阴极三结合点处发射的电子远离绝缘板;三是降低阴极三结合点处的场强,并使用一悬浮电位的金属环阻止电子倍增过程。计算了二极管内电场、磁场分布和电子束的运动轨迹并据此优化了真空界面的结构,实验验证了该二极管真空界面可以在400 kV、800 ns条件下正常工作,可以支持长脉冲高功率微波器件的研究。
脉冲功率 高功率微波 真空界面 表面闪络 真空二极管 pulsed power high power microwave vacuum interface surface flashover vacuum diode 
强激光与粒子束
2022, 34(9): 095002
作者单位
摘要
国防科技大学 前沿交叉学科学院,长沙 410073
随着微波光子学的发展,新型光导微波技术利用高重频脉冲簇激光,入射到线性光导半导体器件中产生可调谐高功率电磁脉冲的方式受到广泛关注。SiC光导半导体开关(PCSS)具有高击穿场强,高饱和载流子速率,高抗辐射能力,高热传导率和高温工作稳定性等优点,是产生高重频、高功率、超短脉冲的重要固态电子器件。介绍了一种基于钒补偿半绝缘4H-SiC PCSS的MHz重复频率亚纳秒脉冲发生器。该发生器采用1 MHz,1030 nm可调谐光脉冲宽度的激光簇驱动源,4H-SiC PCSS的厚度为0.8 mm。整系统可得到最大输出电功率176 kW、最小半高宽约为365 ps的MHz重频短脉冲。
光导半导体开关 重复频率 可调谐亚纳秒脉冲 脉冲发生器 photoconductive semiconductor switch repetition frequency agile sub-nanosecond pulse pulse generator 
强激光与粒子束
2022, 34(7): 075006
Xuan He 1Bin Zhang 1,2,3Shuailin Liu 1Linyong Yang 1,2,3[ ... ]Jing Hou 1,2,3,*
Author Affiliations
Abstract
1 College of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha410073, China
2 State Key Laboratory of Pulsed Power Laser Technology, Changsha410073, China
3 Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of High Energy Laser Technology, Changsha410073, China
Narrowband microwave generation with tuneable frequency is demonstrated by illuminating a photoconductive semiconductor switch (PCSS) with a burst-mode fibre laser. The whole system is composed of a high-power linearly polarized burst-mode pulsed fibre laser and a linear-state PCSS. To obtain a high-performance microwave signal, a desired envelope of burst is necessary and a pulse pre-compensation technique is adopted to avoid envelope distortion induced by the gain-saturation effect. Resulting from the technique, homogenous peak power distribution in each burst is ensured. The maximum energy of the laser burst pulse reaches 200 μJ with a burst duration of 100 ns at the average power of 10 W, corresponding to a peak power of 4 kW. When the PCSS is illuminated by the burst-mode fibre laser, narrowband microwave generation with tuneable frequency (0.80–1.12 GHz) is obtained with a power up to 300 W. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, it is the first demonstration of frequency-tuneable narrowband microwave generation based on a fibre laser. The high-power burst-mode fibre laser reported here has great potential for generating high-power arbitrary microwave signals for a great deal of applicable demands such as smart adaptive radar and intelligent high-power microwave systems.
burst-mode pulse fibre laser linear polarization microwave signals 
High Power Laser Science and Engineering
2021, 9(2): 02000e13
作者单位
摘要
国防科技大学 前沿交叉学科学院,高功率微波技术研究所,长沙 410073
强流脉冲电子束源是高功率微波系统的核心部件之一,针对未来应用需求,亟需从绝缘、束流输运和热管理等多个方面提升强流束源技术性能。介绍了国防科技大学在高功率微波源用强流真空电子束源方面的研究进展。针对高功率微波管保真空需求,基于陶瓷金属钎焊,设计并研制了一种强场陶瓷真空界面,耐压大于600 kV、平均绝缘场强达到44 kV/cm、耐受脉宽大于80 ns,重复频率运行稳定;研制了一种基于SiC纳米线的强流电子束源冷阴极,在90 kV/cm的场条件下获得了1.17 kA/cm2的束流密度,相比传统天鹅绒阴极,SiC纳米线阴极的宏观电稳定性、发射均匀性及运行寿命均得到显著提高;针对相对论返波管,研制基于螺旋水槽型的强流电子束收集极,克服了高比能和低流速的矛盾,耐受热流密度达到1012 W/m2,能够满足系统长脉冲、高重复频率运行要求。
高功率微波 强流电子束源 陶瓷真空界面 纳米线阴极 阳极热管理 high-power microwave high-current electron vacuum source ceramic-vacuum interface nano-wire cathode anode thermal control 
强激光与粒子束
2020, 32(2): 025003
Author Affiliations
Abstract
1 College of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, People's Republic of China
2 State Key Laboratory of Pulsed Power Laser Technology, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, People's Republic of China
This paper provides a review of the compact intense electron-beam accelerators (IEBAs) based on liquid pulse forming lines (PFLs) that have been developed at the National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) in China. The history and roadmap of the compact IEBAs used to drive high-power microwave (HPM) devices at NUDT are reviewed. The properties of both de-ionized water and glycerin as energy storage media are presented. Research into the breakdown properties of liquid dielectrics and the desire to maximize energy storage have resulted in the invention of several coaxial PFLs with different electromagnetic structures, which are detailed in this paper. These high energy density liquid PFLs have been used to increase the performance of IEBA subsystems, based on which the SPARK (Single Pulse Accelerator with spark gaps) and HEART (High Energy-density Accelerator with Repetitive Transformer) series of IEBAs were constructed. This paper also discusses how these compact IEBAs have been used to drive typical HPM devices and concludes by summarizing the associated achievements and the conclusions that can be drawn from the results.
High-power microwave (HPM) Intense electron-beam accelerator (IEBA) Pulsed power technology (PPT) Pulse forming line (PFL) Fluid of high energy density De-ionized water Glycerin 
Matter and Radiation at Extremes
2018, 3(6): 278
作者单位
摘要
国防科技大学 前沿交叉学科学院, 长沙 410073
高功率微波的研究正在向高重复频率发展,目前已运行每年百万炮次或以上的水平,由此导致的电子束轫致辐射产生的X射线剂量已不可忽视,为了人员安全必须采取屏蔽措施。采用BEAMnrc程序,用蒙特卡罗方法仿真了环状束高功率微波源收集极的射线产生情况,典型输入束流参数为电压1 MV,电流10 kA,脉宽100 ns,重复频率100 Hz。仿真结果给出了X射线的谱分布和空间分布。据此估算了屏蔽X射线所需的墙壁衰减量。同时估算了X射线的天空散射因素以及房顶所需的衰减量。
高功率微波 X射线屏蔽 蒙特卡罗方法 强流相对论电子束 high power microwaves X-ray shielding Monte-Carlo intense relativistic electron beam 
强激光与粒子束
2018, 30(7): 073005
作者单位
摘要
国防科技大学 前沿交叉学科学院, 长沙 410073
针对磁绝缘线高功率微波振荡器(MILO)的静态保真空和重频运行,设计了一种真空度在线测量系统及其组件,优化了常规的测量方法,实现了真空度的实时监测和数据采集。基于30 GW高功率脉冲平台,以硬管化MILO微波源为负载,开展了加电运行条件下微波源内真空度的实时在线测量。实验结果表明:研制的真空在线测量组件具有较强的抗电磁干扰能力,能够准确获得高功率微波源运行过程中的本底真空度及脉冲放气特性。
高功率微波源 脉冲放气 真空度 实时监测 数据采集 high power microwave source pulse degassing vacuum degree real-time monitoring data acquisition 
强激光与粒子束
2018, 30(7): 073004
作者单位
摘要
国防科学技术大学 光电科学与工程学院, 长沙 410073
讨论了低阻抗脉冲形成线中测量充电电压所用电容分压器的标定方案,提出了采用外部并联电感来补偿较大的形成线电容负载的方法。由于低阻形成线的电容负载影响,使用脉宽较短方波发生器易导致波形缺乏平顶,使用输出电压较低正弦波发生器导致信噪比不高。采用合适数值的外部电感,可以实现与形成线电容的并联谐振,此时整体阻抗最大,可以使用普通放大器提高正弦波电压,且不产生失真。该方法可应用于微秒尺度低阻形成线电容分压器的在线标定。
脉冲形成线 电容分压器 标定 放大器 pulse forming line capacitive voltage divider calibration amplifier 
强激光与粒子束
2016, 28(5): 055007

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