Author Affiliations
Abstract
The evolution of next-generation cellular networks is aimed at creating faster, more reliable solutions. Both the next-generation 6G network and the metaverse require high transmission speeds. Visible light communication (VLC) is deemed an important ancillary technology to wireless communication. It has shown potential for a wide range of applications in next-generation communication. Micro light-emitting diodes (μLEDs) are ideal light sources for high-speed VLC, owing to their high modulation bandwidths. In this review, an overview of μLEDs for VLC is presented. Methods to improve the modulation bandwidth are discussed in terms of epitaxy optimization, crystal orientation, and active region structure. Moreover, electroluminescent white LEDs, photoluminescent white LEDs based on phosphor or quantum-dot color conversion, and μLED-based detectors for VLC are introduced. Finally, the latest high-speed VLC applications and the application prospects of VLC in 6G are introduced, including underwater VLC and artificial intelligence-based VLC systems.The evolution of next-generation cellular networks is aimed at creating faster, more reliable solutions. Both the next-generation 6G network and the metaverse require high transmission speeds. Visible light communication (VLC) is deemed an important ancillary technology to wireless communication. It has shown potential for a wide range of applications in next-generation communication. Micro light-emitting diodes (μLEDs) are ideal light sources for high-speed VLC, owing to their high modulation bandwidths. In this review, an overview of μLEDs for VLC is presented. Methods to improve the modulation bandwidth are discussed in terms of epitaxy optimization, crystal orientation, and active region structure. Moreover, electroluminescent white LEDs, photoluminescent white LEDs based on phosphor or quantum-dot color conversion, and μLED-based detectors for VLC are introduced. Finally, the latest high-speed VLC applications and the application prospects of VLC in 6G are introduced, including underwater VLC and artificial intelligence-based VLC systems.
visible light communication μLEDs modulation bandwidth detector 6G 
Opto-Electronic Science
2022, 1(12): 220020
Tingzhu Wu 1,2†Yue Lin 1,2†Yu-Ming Huang 3†Meng Liu 1[ ... ]Zhong Chen 1,2,6,*
Author Affiliations
Abstract
1 School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Fujian Engineering Research Center for Solid-State Lighting, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
2 Fujian Science & Technology Innovation Laboratory for Energy Materials of China, Xiamen 361005, China
3 Department of Photonics and Graduate Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, College of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Taiwan Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, China
4 Semiconductor Research Center, Hon Hai Research Institute, Taipei 11492, China
5 e-mail: hckuo@faculty.nctu.edu.tw
6 e-mail: chenz@xmu.edu.cn
A promising approach for the development of effective full-color displays is to combine blue microLEDs (μLEDs) with color conversion layers. Perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) are notable for their tolerance to defects and provide excellent photoluminescence quantum yields and high color purity compared to metal chalcogenide quantum dots. The stability of PNCs in ambient conditions and under exposure to blue light can be improved using a SiO2 coating. This study proposes a device that could be used for both display and visible light communication (VLC) applications. The semipolar blue μLED array fabricated in this study shows a negligible wavelength shift, indicating a significant reduction in the quantum confined Stark effect. Owing to its shorter carrier lifetime, the semipolar μLED array exhibits an impressive peak 3 dB bandwidth of 655 MHz and a data transmission rate of 1.2 Gb/s corresponding to an injection current of 200 mA. The PNC–μLED device assembled from a semipolar μLED array with PNCs demonstrates high color stability and wide color-gamut features, achieving 127.23% and 95.00% of the National Television Standards Committee standard and Rec. 2020 on the CIE 1931 color diagram, respectively. These results suggest that the proposed PNC–μLED device is suitable for both display-related and VLC applications.
Photonics Research
2021, 9(11): 11002132

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