Author Affiliations
Abstract
Key Laboratory of Light Field Manipulation and Information Acquisition, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Optical Information Technology, School of Physical Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710129, China
The conversion-efficiency for second-harmonic (SH) in optical fibers is significantly limited by extremely weak second-order nonlinearity of fused silica, and pulse pump lasers with high peak power are widely employed. Here, we propose a simple strategy to efficiently realize the broadband and continuous wave (CW) pumped SH, by transferring a crystalline GaSe coating onto a microfiber with phase-matching diameter. In the experiment, high efficiency up to 0.08 %W-1mm-1 is reached for a C-band pump laser. The high enough efficiency not only guarantees SH at a single frequency pumped by a CW laser, but also multi-frequencies mixing supported by three CW light sources. Moreover, broadband SH spectrum is also achieved under the pump of a superluminescent light-emitting diode source with a 79.3 nm bandwidth. The proposed scheme provides a beneficial method to the enhancement of various nonlinear parameter processes, development of quasi-monochromatic or broadband CW light sources at new wavelength regions.
nonlinear optics second-harmonic generation continuous wave pump high efficiency multi-frequencies mixing broad spectra microfibers gallium selenide 
Opto-Electronic Advances
2023, 6(9): 230012
Author Affiliations
Abstract
Key Laboratory of Light Field Manipulation and Information Acquisition, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and Shaanxi Basic Discipline (Liquid Physics) Research Center, School of Physical Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710129, China
Graphene and related two-dimensional materials have attracted great research interests due to prominently optical and electrical properties and flexibility in integration with versatile photonic structures. Here, we report an in-fiber photoelectric device by wrapping a few-layer graphene and bonding a pair of electrodes onto a tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) for photoelectric and electric-induced thermo-optic conversions. The transmitted spectrum from this device consists of a dense comb of narrowband resonances that provides an observable window to sense the photocurrent and the electrical injection in the graphene layer. The device has a wavelength-sensitive photoresponse with responsivity up to 11.4 A/W, allowing the spectrum analysis by real-time monitoring of photocurrent evolution. Based on the thermal-optic effect of electrical injection, the graphene layer is energized to produce a global red-shift of the transmission spectrum of the TFBG, with a high sensitivity approaching 2.167×104 nm/A2. The in-fiber photoelectric device, therefore as a powerful tool, could be widely available as off-the-shelf product for photodetection, spectrometer and current sensor.
tilted fiber grating photoelectric device graphene photoelectric conversion thermo-optic switching 
Opto-Electronic Science
2023, 2(6): 230012

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