Opto-Electronic Science

2023, 2(1) Column


Opto-Electronic Science 第2卷 第1期

Author Affiliations
1 State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, School of Physics and Electronic Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
2 Huawei Technologies Co, Ltd., Bantian Longgang District, Shenzhen 518129, China
3 Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
This paper reports the fabrication of regular large-area laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSSs) in indium tin oxide (ITO) films via femtosecond laser direct writing focused by a cylindrical lens. The regular LIPSSs exhibited good properties as nanowires, with a resistivity almost equal to that of the initial ITO film. By changing the laser fluence, the nanowire resistances could be tuned from 15 to 73 kΩ/mm with a consistency of ±10%. Furthermore, the average transmittance of the ITO films with regular LIPSSs in the range of 1200–2000 nm was improved from 21% to 60%. The regular LIPSS is promising for transparent electrodes of nano-optoelectronic devices—particularly in the near-infrared band.
transparent nanowires periodic surface nanostructures femtosecond laser direct writing ITO film anisotropic electrical conductivity 
Opto-Electronic Science
2023, 2(1): 220002
Yuxiang Chen 1†Fengyu Zhang 2,4†Zhibo Dang 1Xiao He 1[ ... ]Zheyu Fang 1,3,*
Author Affiliations
1 School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
2 The State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics & Center for Quantitative Biology, Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
3 Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
4 Wenzhou Institute, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wenzhou 325001, China
Chirality plays an important role in biological processes, and enantiomers often possess similar physical properties and different physiologic functions. In recent years, chiral detection of enantiomers become a popular topic. Plasmonic metasurfaces enhance weak inherent chiral effects of biomolecules, so they are used in chiral detection. Artificial intelligence algorithm makes a lot of contribution to many aspects of nanophotonics. Here, we propose a nanostructure design method based on reinforcement learning and devise chiral nanostructures to distinguish enantiomers. The algorithm finds out the metallic nanostructures with a sharp peak in circular dichroism spectra and emphasizes the frequency shifts caused by nearfield interaction of nanostructures and biomolecules. Our work inspires universal and efficient machine-learning methods for nanophotonic design.
chiral detection metasurface deep learning cathodoluminescence 
Opto-Electronic Science
2023, 2(1): 220019