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飞秒激光剥蚀电感耦合等离子体质谱在地球科学中的应用进展

Applications of Femtosecond (fs) Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry in Earth Sciences

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摘要

激光剥蚀电感耦合等离子体质谱(LA-ICP-MS)是原位微区元素含量和同位素比值分析测试的主流技术, 已被广泛应用于地球科学等相关领域。 飞秒激光剥蚀系统由于其极短的激光脉宽大大降低甚至消除了传统纳秒激光剥蚀产生的热效应导致的元素分馏问题, 在非基体匹配分析等方面显示出巨大发展潜力, 已成为当前LA-ICP-MS技术的一个新的发展趋势和研究热点。 介绍了飞秒激光剥蚀系统的基本特征(飞秒激光及产生原理、 当前商用飞秒激光器种类), 重点阐述了飞秒激光剥蚀地球科学样品的机理(样品对激光能量的吸收方式、 气溶胶的产生和粒度分布特征、 剥蚀坑的形貌特征等), 评述了飞秒激光剥蚀在改善分析性能方面的独特优势, 最后总结了近十几年来它在地球科学样品元素含量和同位素比值分析中的实际应用, 并展望了该技术的应用前景。

Abstract

Laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) has become one of the major techniques for in situ microanalysis of element and isotopic compositions in earth science and other related fields. Because of the extraordinary short pulse width of femtosecond laser, thermal effect induced elemental fractionations that limit the usage of traditional nanosecond laser ablation are significantly reduced or eliminated in terms of femtosecond laser ablation analyses. There is an increasing trend of developing femtosecond laser ablation analytical technique and its application in earth sciences. In this review, the basic properties of femtosecond laser ablation system (the features and generation of femtosecond laser, the different femtosecond systems) are introduced, the ablation mechanisms of femtosecond laser on geological samples were discussed with emphasis on the way of samples absorbing the laser energy, the generation and distribution of different aerosol particles, the features of ablation pits, and the unique advantages of femtosecond laser ablation. The applications of fs-LA-ICP-MS technique concerning elements and isotope analyses of geological samples over the past ten years are also studied. At last, the prospects of this technique are viewed.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
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中图分类号:O6573

DOI:10.3964/j.issn.1000-0593(2017)07-2192-07

基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41322023, 41373026, 41573015)资助

收稿日期:2016-10-14

修改稿日期:2017-01-30

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杨文武:中国地质大学(武汉)地质过程与矿产资源国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074
史光宇:中国地质大学(武汉)地质过程与矿产资源国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074
商 琦:中国地质大学(武汉)地质过程与矿产资源国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074
张 文:中国地质大学(武汉)地质过程与矿产资源国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074
胡兆初:中国地质大学(武汉)地质过程与矿产资源国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430074

联系人作者:杨文武(yww888@126.com)

备注:杨文武, 1986年生, 中国地质大学(武汉)硕士研究生

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引用该论文

YANG Wen-wu,SHI Guang-yu,SHANG Qi,ZHANG Wen,HU Zhao-chu. Applications of Femtosecond (fs) Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry in Earth Sciences[J]. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis, 2017, 37(7): 2192-2198

杨文武,史光宇,商 琦,张 文,胡兆初. 飞秒激光剥蚀电感耦合等离子体质谱在地球科学中的应用进展[J]. 光谱学与光谱分析, 2017, 37(7): 2192-2198

被引情况

【1】杭 乐,徐周毅,杭 纬,黄本立. 中国原子光谱技术及应用发展近况. 光谱学与光谱分析, 2019, 39(5): 1329-1339

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