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结合激光与视觉点云的古遗迹三维重建应用

Application of 3D Reconstruction of Relic Sites Combined with Laser and Vision Point Cloud

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摘要

针对单一点云数据在古遗迹数据存档和模型重建过程中存在数据缺失的问题,以柬埔寨吴哥女王宫遗址为例,提出一套完整和高效的数字化记录与重建方案。通过结合地基激光雷达点云与无人机影像视觉点云,可以解决模型重建过程中激光与视觉点云的配准和融合以及模型构建与修补等关键问题,从而获得目标对象的三维模型。在此基础上,进一步提出的模型应用成果场景漫游动画和平立剖面图,能够更好地为吴哥女王宫保护、修复和研究提供静态和动态数据基础。所提方案能够为古遗迹保护过程中的数据采集、数字化存档、数据分析、场景展示和遗迹修复等多方面提供数据基础与技术参考,进一步推动激光雷达在该领域中的应用。

Abstract

This paper addresses the problem of the lack of single point cloud data for archeological site data archiving and model reconstruction, using the ruins of Banteay Srei in Angkor, Cambodia as a case study, and proposes a complete and efficient digital recording and reconstruction plan. By combining the ground-based lidar point cloud and the UAV-image visual point cloud, the key issues, such as the registration and fusion of the laser and the visual point clouds, and model construction and repair in the model reconstruction process can be solved, and a three-dimensional model of the target object obtained. Based on this, the proposed model application can produce a scene-roaming animation and vertical profile view that can provide an enhanced static and dynamic data basis for the protection, restoration, and research of the Angkor Banteay Srei. The proposed scheme can also provide data foundation and technical reference for data collection, digital archiving, data analysis, scene display, and relic restoration for ancient heritage protection, and further promote the application of the lidar technology to these fields.

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中图分类号:TN958.98

DOI:10.3788/CJL202047.1110001

所属栏目:遥感与传感器

基金项目:国家自然科学基金、广州市科技计划项目、城市空间信息工程北京市重点实验室经费资助项目;

收稿日期:2020-04-22

修改稿日期:2020-06-23

网络出版日期:2020-11-01

作者单位    点击查看

张子健:同济大学测绘与地理信息学院, 上海 200092城市空间信息工程北京市重点实验室, 北京 100038
程效军:同济大学测绘与地理信息学院, 上海 200092自然资源部现代工程测量重点实验室, 上海 200092
曹宇杰:同济大学测绘与地理信息学院, 上海 200092
王峰:广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院, 广东 广州 510060
喻月:同济大学测绘与地理信息学院, 上海 200092

联系人作者:张子健(cxj@tongji.edu.cn); 程效军(cxj@tongji.edu.cn);

备注:国家自然科学基金、广州市科技计划项目、城市空间信息工程北京市重点实验室经费资助项目;

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引用该论文

Zhang Zijian,Cheng Xiaojun,Cao Yujie,Wang Feng,Yu Yue. Application of 3D Reconstruction of Relic Sites Combined with Laser and Vision Point Cloud[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2020, 47(11): 1110001

张子健,程效军,曹宇杰,王峰,喻月. 结合激光与视觉点云的古遗迹三维重建应用[J]. 中国激光, 2020, 47(11): 1110001

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