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Effects of fabrication errors on diffraction efficiency for a diffractive membrane

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Abstract

The demand for space-borne telescopes with an aperture of 20 m is forcing the development of large diameter diffractive Fresnel zone lenses (FZLs) on membranes. However, due to the fabrication errors of multi-level microstructures, the real diffraction efficiency is always significantly smaller than the theoretical value. In this Letter, the effects of a set of fabrication errors on the diffraction efficiency for a diffractive membrane are studied. In order to verify the proposed models, a 4-level membrane FZL with a diameter of 320 mm is fabricated. The fabrication errors of the membrane FZL are measured, and its diffraction efficiency in the +1 order is also tested. The results show that the tested diffraction efficiency is very close to the calculated value based on the proposed models. It is expected that the present work could play a theoretical guiding role in the future development of space-borne diffractive telescopes.

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DOI:10.3788/col201614.120501

所属栏目:Diffraction and gratings

收稿日期:2016-08-22

修改稿日期:2016-10-28

网络出版日期:2016-11-30

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Ruoqiu Wang:Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 1 30033, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Zhiyu Zhang:Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 1 30033, China
Chengli Guo:Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 1 30033, ChinaUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Donglin Xue:Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 1 30033, China
and Xuejun Zhang:Key Laboratory of Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 1 30033, China

联系人作者:联系作者(zhangzhiyu@ciomp.ac.cn)

备注:This work was supported by the National 973 Program of China (No. 2011CB013205) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51305422). The authors would like to thank Changchun Hipolyking Co. Ltd. for providing the experimental samples and technical data.

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引用该论文

Ruoqiu Wang, Zhiyu Zhang, Chengli Guo, Donglin Xue, and Xuejun Zhang, "Effects of fabrication errors on diffraction efficiency for a diffractive membrane," Chinese Optics Letters 14(12), 120501 (2016)

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