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单模As-Se红外玻璃光纤的制备及其性能研究

Fabrication of Single-Mode As-Se Infrared Glass Fiber and Its Performance

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摘要

随着红外光纤制备技术的不断发展, 低损耗、高非线性且结构完美的红外硫系光纤的研制迫在眉睫。采用了传统的熔融淬冷法和动态蒸馏纯化工艺制备了As40Se58Te2和As40Se60两种玻璃样品, 基于两次多步挤压法制备了完美芯包阶跃结构的硫系光纤预制棒, 在聚合物的保护下拉制出了损耗较低的阶跃型单模硫系玻璃光纤。结果表明: 蒸馏纯化工艺可有效去除硫系玻璃中大部分杂质, 2%摩尔百分比的Se被Te替换可有效实现小数值孔径并达到单模传输条件, 采用截断法对单模硫系光纤进行了损耗测试, 其最低损耗为1.66 dB/m(6.06 μm), 工作波段为2.5~12 μm。以光参量放大器(OPA)为抽运源获得了覆盖1.5~13.2 μm(40 dB带宽)的超连续谱输出, 光纤有较好的中远红外传输性能和极高的光学非线性性能。

Abstract

With the development of infrared optical fiber technology, it is urgent to develop an infrared low loss chalcogenide optical fibers with perfect-structure and high nonlinearity. In this paper, the two kinds of glass samples of As40Se58Te2 and As40Se60 are prepared by the traditional vacuum melt-quenching method and dynamic distillation purification process. Then we obtain a fine-structured chalcogenide optical fiber prefabricated rod prepared by two multi-step extrusion method. After that, the preform is drawn into a low loss step type single-mode chalcogenides glasses fiber under the protection of polyether sulfone (PES) polymer. The results show that the distillation process can effectively remove most of the impurities in the chalcogenide glasses. 2% mole percent of Se is replaced by Te, which can effectively achieve a small numerical aperture (NA) and single-mode transmission characteristics. The single-mode chalcogenides fiber loss test is measured by the truncation method with a Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectrometer. The minimum loss of this fiber can be reduced to 1.66 dB/m at 6.06 μm and these glasses working band is from 2.5 to 12 μm. The output of a supercontinuum spectrum covering 1.5-13.2 μm (40 dB bandwidth) is obtained with an optical parametric amplifier (OPA) as the pump source. The fiber has good mid-far infrared transmission performance and extremely high optical nonlinearity.

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中图分类号:TN253

DOI:10.3788/cjl201845.0706001

所属栏目:光纤光学与光通信

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61705091, 61627815, 61377099)、浙江省自然科学基金(LR18F050002)、浙江省光电探测材料及器件重点实验室开放课题(2017004)、嘉兴市科技局项目(2017AY13010)、宁波大学王宽诚幸福基金

收稿日期:2018-01-29

修改稿日期:2018-03-08

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薛祖钢:宁波大学高等技术研究院红外材料及器件实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211浙江省光电探测材料及器件重点实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211
陈朋:宁波大学高等技术研究院红外材料及器件实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211浙江省光电探测材料及器件重点实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211
田优梅:宁波大学高等技术研究院红外材料及器件实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211浙江省光电探测材料及器件重点实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211
潘章豪:宁波大学高等技术研究院红外材料及器件实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211浙江省光电探测材料及器件重点实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211
赵浙明:嘉兴学院南湖学院, 浙江 嘉兴 314001
王训四:宁波大学高等技术研究院红外材料及器件实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211浙江省光电探测材料及器件重点实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211
张培晴:宁波大学高等技术研究院红外材料及器件实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211浙江省光电探测材料及器件重点实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211
戴世勋:宁波大学高等技术研究院红外材料及器件实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211浙江省光电探测材料及器件重点实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211
聂秋华:宁波大学高等技术研究院红外材料及器件实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211浙江省光电探测材料及器件重点实验室, 浙江 宁波 315211

联系人作者:赵浙明(zhaozheming_27@sina.com)

备注:薛祖钢(1993-), 男, 硕士研究生, 主要从事硫系光纤制备及其光学性能方面的研究。E-mail: xuezugang2016@163.com

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引用该论文

Xue Zugang,Chen Peng,Tian Youmei,Pan Zhanghao,Zhao Zheming,Wang Xunsi,Zhang Peiqing,Dai Shixun,Nie Qiuhua. Fabrication of Single-Mode As-Se Infrared Glass Fiber and Its Performance[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2018, 45(7): 0706001

薛祖钢,陈朋,田优梅,潘章豪,赵浙明,王训四,张培晴,戴世勋,聂秋华. 单模As-Se红外玻璃光纤的制备及其性能研究[J]. 中国激光, 2018, 45(7): 0706001

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