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Lasers, Optical Amplifiers, and Laser Optics
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摘要
In modern optics, particular interest is devoted to the phase singularities that yield complicated and twisted phase structures by photons carrying optical angular momentum. In this paper, the traditional M-line method is applied to a vortex beam (VB) by a symmetric metal cladding waveguide chip, which can host numerous oscillating guided modes via free space coupling. These ultrahigh-order modes (UOMs) result in high angular resolution due to the high finesse of the resonant chip. Experiments show that the reflected pattern of a VB can be divided into a series of inner and outer rings, whilst both of them are highly distorted by the M-lines due to the UOMs’ leakage. Taking the distribution of the energy flux into account, a simple ray-optics-based model is proposed to simulate the reflected pattern by calculating the local incident angle over the cross section of the beam. The theoretical simulations fit well with the experimental results, and the proposed scheme may enable new applications in imaging and sensing of complicated phase structures.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第7期 pp.071403
Diffraction, Gratings, and Holography
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摘要
Aperture synthesis is an important approach to improve the lateral resolution of digital holography (DH) techniques. The limitation of the accuracy of registration positions between sub-holograms affects the quality of the synthesized image and even causes the failure of aperture synthesis. It is a major issue in aperture synthesis of DH. Currently intensity images are utilized to find the registration positions of sub-holograms in aperture synthesis. To improve the accuracy of registration positions, we proposed a method based on similarity calculations of the phase images between sub-holograms instead of intensity images. Furthermore, a quantitative indicator, degree of image distortion, was applied to evaluate the synthetic results. Experiments are performed and the results verify that the proposed phase-image-based method is better than the state-of-the-art intensity-image-based techniques in the estimation of registration positions and provides a better synthesized final three-dimensional shape image.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第7期 pp.070501
Nanophotonics, Metamaterials, and Plasmonics
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摘要
In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate ultrafast optical control of slow light in the terahertz (THz) range by combining the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) metasurfaces with the cut wire made of P+-implanted silicon with short carrier lifetime. Employing the optical-pump THz-probe spectroscopy, we observed that the device transited from a state with a slow light effect to a state without a slow light effect in an ultrafast time of 5 ps and recovered within 200 ps. A coupled oscillator model is utilized to explain the origin of controllability. The experimental results agree very well with the simulated and theoretical results. These EIT metasurfaces have the potential to be used as an ultrafast THz optical delay device.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第7期 pp.073602
摘要
We use the nonlinear coupled-mode theory to theoretically investigate second-harmonic generation (SHG) in subwavelength x-cut and z-cut lithium niobate (LN) thin-film waveguides and derive the analytical formula to calculate SHG efficiency in x-cut and z-cut LN thin-film waveguides explicitly. Under the scheme of optimal modal phase matching (MPM), two types of LN thin films can achieve highly efficient frequency doubling of a 1064 nm laser with a comparable conversion efficiency due to very consistent modal field distribution of the fundamental wave and second-harmonic wave with efficient overlap between them. Such a robust MPM for high-efficiency SHG in both the subwavelength x-cut and z-cut LN thin-film waveguides is further confirmed in a broad wavelength range, which might facilitate design and application of micro–nano nonlinear optical devices based on the subwavelength LN thin film.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第7期 pp.071902
Lasers, Optical Amplifiers, and Laser Optics
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摘要
End-pumped by a 976 nm diode laser, a high-repetition-rate Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 microchip laser passively Q-switched by a Co2+:MgAl2O4 crystal is reported. At a quasi-continuous-wave pump power of 20 W, a 1553 nm passively Q-switched laser with the repetition rate of 544 kHz, pulse duration of 8.3 ns, and pulse energy of 3.9 μJ was obtained. To the best of our knowledge, the 544 kHz is the highest reported value for the 1.5 μm passively Q-switched pulse laser. In the continuous-wave pumping experiment, the maximum repetition rate of 144 kHz with the pulse duration of 8.0 ns and pulse energy of 1.7 μJ was obtained at the incident pump power of 6.3 W.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第7期 pp.071402
Special Issue on Lithium Niobate Based Photonic Devices
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摘要
Based on nonlinear wave mixing, we experimentally propose a scheme for directly generating optical orbital angular momentum (OAM) by a spirally structured fundamental wave interacting with a nonlinear medium, in which the nonlinear susceptibilities are homogenous. In the experiment, the second-harmonic generation of a fundamental wave carrying positive (negative) integers and fractional OAM states was investigated. This study presents a convenient approach for dynamic control of OAM of vortex beams, which may feature their applications in optical manipulation and optical communication.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第6期 pp.060005
Nanophotonics, Metamaterials, and Plasmonics
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摘要
We show that inhomogeneous waveguides of slowly varied parity-time (PT) symmetry support localized optical resonances. The resonance is closely related to the formation of exceptional points separating exact and broken PT phases. Salient features of this kind of non-Hermitian resonance, including the formation of half-vortex flux and the discrete nature, are discussed. This investigation highlights the unprecedented uniqueness of field dynamics in non-Hermitian systems with many potential adaptive applications.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第7期 pp.073601
摘要
Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) has quickly developed into a noninvasive biomedical imaging technique to achieve detection, diagnosis, and monitoring. Compared with Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet or optical parametric oscillator lasers, a low-cost and small-size laser diode (LD) used as an alternative light source is conducive to achieving the miniaturization and integration for preclinical transformation. However, the LD’s low peak output power needs the high numerical aperture objective to attain tight focus, which limits the working distance (WD) of the system in only 2–3 mm, resulting in not achieving the backward coaxial confocal mode. Here, we present a compact visible LD-based PAM system with a reflective objective to achieve a 22 mm long WD and a 10 μm lateral resolution. Different depth subcutaneous microvascular networks in label-free mouse ears have successfully reappeared in vivo with a signal-to-noise ratio up to 14 dB by a confocal alignment. It will be a promising tool to develop into a handy tool for subcutaneous blood vessel imaging.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第7期 pp.071701
Lasers, Optical Amplifiers, and Laser Optics
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摘要
In this paper, we demonstrated a series of short-living mode-locking (ML) states (each lasting a few to a hundred microseconds) that happened before a fiber laser reached a steady ML state. With time-stretched dispersion Fourier transform spectroscopy, a rich diversity of transient multi-pulse dynamics were revealed spectrally and temporally. As a result, we found that the formation of the short-living ML states was related to abundant pump power, and their decaying evolution dynamics were possibly governed by gain depletion and recovery. Our results revealed unexpected transient lasing behaviors of a soliton laser and thus might be useful to understand the complex dynamics of mode-locked lasers.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第7期 pp.071401
Special Issue on Lithium Niobate Based Photonic Devices
更多 Special Issue on Lithium Niobate Based Photonic Devices >
摘要
We theoretically propose a hybrid lithium niobate (LN) thin-film waveguide that consists of an amorphous silicon stripe and etch-free z-cut LN for highly efficient wavelength conversion, circumventing the challenging etching on LN material. Profiting from the spatial symmetry breaking of the waveguide, the asymmetric hybrid modes can spontaneously achieve phase matching with small modal area and large spatial mode overlap, enabling enhanced second harmonic generation with a normalized conversion efficiency over 3900% W-1·cm-2 (0.5-mm-long propagation distance). The choice of integrating silicon with LN alleviates the fabrication challenge, making the platform potentially compatible with silicon photonics.
Chinese Optics Letters
2021年第19卷第6期 pp.060004
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